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In 2007, the European Union began implementing the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, technological development and demonstration activities (The Seventh Framework Programme for Research, TechnoLogicaL DeveLopment and Demonstration), aimed at:

  • strengthen the scientific and technological base of EU industry and ensuring a high level of competitiveness;
  • support and improve research and innovation research centers;
  • universities, industry and small and medium-sized enterprises;
  • expansion of intra-ethnic and international scientific cooperation;
  • improving research and innovation capabilities in all EU countries.

Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) will contribute to accelerating economic growth and competitiveness of European economy through investment in knowledge, innovation and human capital. The program is designed for a seven-year period from 2007 to 2013.

The content, organization, methods, implementation and management of the program is a key component of the implementation of the renewed Lisbon strategy.

Compared to the previous framework programs in FP7 include the following new features:

  • emphasis on the priority thematic areas of research, rather than the "tools»;
  • significant simplification of the operation of the program;
  • the best account of the requirements of industry;
  • in research with the help of a specially designed scheme "Technology platforms and joint technology initiatives»;
  • creation of a European research council, carries out the financing of European innovative basic research;
  • to achieve international cooperation in all areas of FP7;
  • creation of the "Regions of Knowledge" - a set of regional research centers, whose potential is not confined to national boundaries;
  • possibility of separating the financial risks;
  • stimulate private investment in promising research directions.

total indicative budget for the duration of FP7 is 50 521 million euros. The structure of the basic building blocks of FP7 include:

The structure of FP7 Euratom program also includes dedicated areas for Nuclear Research "Research on fusion energy" and "The splitting of the nucleus and antiradiation protection", and the Joint Research Center for Nuclear and non-nuclear energy.

The program «Cooperation» with a budget of 32,365 million euros includes joint research, scientific organizations from different countries. International co-operation between the EU and associated states and countries outside the EU, including Russia, is an important component of this activity. This component combines applied research and industrial applications and consists of four sub-programs:

  • Collaborative research is a big part of the foundation, and research funding from the EU (Collaborative Research)
  • Technology platforms and joint technology initiatives will largely be based on ongoing work within the different European Technology Platforms that combine applied research, with a priority of industrial importance (Technological Platforms & Joint Technological Initiatives )
  • coordination of national research programs outside the Community (Coordination of National Research Programmes)
  • International cooperation with countries outside the EU (third countries) in the 10 priority subject areas.

Priority thematic areas of FP7 research covering the major areas of knowledge and contribute to sustainable economic development of the EU in accordance with the Lisbon strategy.

«Cooperation" is divided into 10 thematic priority areas:

  1. Health
  2. Food, agriculture and biotechnology
  3. Information and communication technology
  4. Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies
  5. Energy
  6. Environment (including Climate Change)
  7. Transport (including aeronautics)
  8. Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities
  9. Security
  10. Cosmos

Under the direction of «Health» with a budget of 6.05 billion euros provided for the implementation of research projects on the following topics:

  • Biotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health
  • High methods of research
  • detection, diagnosis and monitoring
  • Innovative therapeutic approaches and the invention of
  • Diagnosis compliance, safety and efficacy
  • translational research on human health
  • Integrated biological data and processes: large-scale collection of material that systems biology
  • Studies of the brain and its diseases, human development and aging
  • Translational studies of most infectious diseases: the main opposition to threats to public health
  • Translational research in other major diseases
  • optimization software for the health of Europeans
  • introduction of clinical research into clinical practice
  • quality and unity of the health system
  • prevention and disease prevention
  • Application of new methods of treatment and health technology

Destination «Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology» with a budget EUR 1.9 billion will focus on research on the following topics:

  • Sustainable production and management of land, forest and water resources
  • Methods of strategy development, policy and legislative framework to support European Bioeconomy knowledge-based
  • integrity and control of food products throughout the production cycle ("from field to fork")
  • Life sciences and biotechnology are used to develop and produce nonfood products and processes

Under the direction of «Information and Communication Technology (ICT)» with a budget of 9.11 billion euro project will be carried out on the following topics:

  • stability and security of network and service infrastructures
  • functioning and reliability of electronic systems and components
  • Personalized ICT systems
  • Managing Digital Content

Thematic Priority «Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies» with a budget € 3.5 billion is directed to conduct research using the latest achievements of nanotechnology contributing to the development of industrial areas as well as health, medicine and agriculture.

In the area of ​​"Energy" with a budget of 2.3 billion euros will be pro-voditsya research on the following topics:

  • Hydrogen and fuel cells
  • Renewable electricity
  • Renewable fuel production
  • Renewable energy for cooling and heating
  • Absorption of C0 2 technology, and provisions for waste-free energy generation
  • Clean Coal Technology
  • intelligent electricity network
  • Energy efficiency and conservation
  • Approaches to the development of energy policy

Thematic Priority «Environment (including climate change)» (budget EUR 1.8 billion) includes the following areas for research:

  • Climate change, pollution and risks
  • impact on the environment and climate
  • Environment and Human Health
  • Natural disasters
  • Sustainable Resource Management
  • conservation of resources, sustainable management of natural and man-made resources and biodiversity
  • Managing the marine environment
  • Nature Technology
  • technologies for environmental monitoring, modeling, prevention, mitigation, adaptation, remediation and restoration of natural and built environment
  • protection, preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage
  • Technology analysis, inspection and control
  • Earth observation and assessment methods
  • Earth Observing System and the oceans, the methods of monitoring the environment
  • Forecasting methods and assessment for sustainable development

Within the thematic priority «Transport» with a budget of 4.18 billion euros, the study focused on the following areas:

  • Aeronautics and air transport
  • Sustainable development of land, land and water transport
  • Support for the European global satellite navigation system - Galileo and EGNOS

In the direction of «Social, Economic and Humanities» to 0.62 billion euro budget studies will be carried on the following topics:

  • economic growth, employment and competitiveness in a society based on knowledge
  • policy innovation, competitiveness and labor market
  • education and training throughout life
  • economic structure and performance
  • combination of research in economics, social sciences and the environment
  • Socio-economic models in Europe and in the world
  • Socio-economic unity of the region
  • Socio-economic aspects of policy on the environment
  • Trends of the European Society
  • demographic changes, the compatibility of family and work, health and quality of life, youth policies, social exclusion and discrimination
  • Europe in a global context
  • Trade, migration, poverty, crime, conflict and resolution
  • Citizens in the European Union
  • participation in political decision-making, democracy, religion, cultural heritage
  • Socio-economic and scientific indicators
  • Forsyth

In the direction of «Security» to 1.35 billion euro budget includes the following research topics:

  • safety of citizens
  • security infrastructure and life support systems
  • secret surveillance and border controls
  • Restoring security and safety in the event of a crisis
  • Association, interconnection and interoperability Security
  • Security and Society
  • coordination and research for Security

Thematic Priority «Kosmos» with a budget of 1.43 billion euros includes the following research areas:

  • use of space technologies in the service of European society
  • Space Exploration
  • Scientific and technological development to enhance the priority of "Space»

The program's budget «Ideas» is 7.4 billion euros. To implement it, created European Research Council. The program's objective - to strengthen the dynamism, creativity and improve the European component of the research activities at the forefront of knowledge in all scientific and technological fields, including engineering, socio-economic sciences and humanities, as well as the life sciences.

European Research Council (ERC) is a pan-European pean financial institution, which seeks to promote and support research in all fields of knowledge in an open and free competition. ERC will provide the following types of grants:

  • Starting Grants for independent researchers (ERC Starting Grants). These grants will be provided an outstanding scientist in order to promote their careers. Scientists, regardless of nationality, must be in the European Union or associated country, or to come back and at the application stage to organize your research group or project.
  • grants for advanced research (ERC Advanced Grants). These grants are for the exclusive support of research projects in new areas of science and technology carried out by leading scientists of any nationality in the European Union or Associated countries.

On the program «People» allocated 4.7 billion euros.

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