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The problems of philosophy and metodology of humanities and natural sciences.

Проблемы философии и методологии гуманитарного и естественнонаучного знания.
The destruction of the illusion of clarity and Replication of the past into rational concepts led to the realization that the historian firmly embedded in our culture, it is fixed, and the position and understanding, and communication capability is not easy. It attempts to understand the position and the explication of the historian's place in the historical process. It is shown that cross-cultural communication implies cultures and attitudes (communication) between them. Used komparativistky approach to understanding: understanding the problem is as follows: in the pagan world there was opposition to "friend or foe (" Greek barbarians "), meant to streamline understanding of content (meaning" friends, spoken in Greek ") through philosophizing. Hence, on the basis that the ancient communication originates in the Logos, orchestrating Space, raised the point that in the ancient world, a clash of cultures (the emergence of intercultural space) did not lead to communication, the opposition has made communication impossible. Essence, a form of communication and expression are definable and define the character of the era. Historiosophical paradigm Oswald Spengler was the same methodological base, which allows totally and universally present problems of intercultural communication between cultures, as contemporaries, so from a historical perspective and allows the construction of a modern vision of Multivariate human history as the unfolding of global communication between cultures. Awareness of the problem of cross-cultural communication through historical layers of human development show polyalternativeness understanding of communication between cultures, and the possibility of it. The philosophy of history makes it possible to see that for a long time is different, and therefore alien and hostile culture is beckoning, a look or a resident of Athens, Miletus was focusing entirely on his own public cultural space, the need for the exchange of meanings, souls, gods, was not possible. It was only the beginning of the twentieth century changed the relationship between cultures, especially so far away so hostile. On the possibilities of communication as the transfer of intellectual activity results in very differing cultures, one of the first to speak Oswald Spengler, putting in the meaning of such communication need for a formal, structured, kinship, which ensures an understanding of the intending communication. That is why the idea was conceived by Spengler objectivity of understanding (communication) as twofold: to review the history of how mountaintop removal by an observer of modern communication and causes its presence in contemporary culture, and through the formalization of (location) of the constant structure of all cultures, a person of culture as reconstructed shape on the basis of the skeleton will be re-established objective, non-evaluative. In this case, perhaps unique in the universal transformation through a formal structure. Each time, presenting concrete understanding of technology, philosophy sought or created these technologies, but they were creative, active and intelligent character. Globalization - standardization - adaptability as the essence of our modern world will lead to a unified (to a greater or lesser degree) the world of communication for which the winning sense of "understanding" and in the residue can say it is only for information and the information society. And in this case, society, culture transformed into a single information society, in which one of the societies, cultures "absorb" all the others. Communication Strategy twenty-first century suggest the need for cross-cultural communication and focused on developing technologies to enable it. But the history of mankind for a long time looked like the existence of certain regions (unknowing of each other). And the booming West and the patriarchal East, or who saw the prospects of its development, integrity and even survival.

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Candidate of Philosophical Science, Аssociate Professor of Social Sciences and Technology

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