Most important
Passport project

Project name

C

Project managers

Dr. Phys.-Math.Sci., Professor. Alexander Mukasyan 

Project target

1.     Ceramic Constructional Namomaterials. In  2014-2015 we plan to concentrate on the following fundamental and applied tasks:

 •Research of high-energy mechanical treatment parameters impact on nano structure and reaction ability of composition particles in the following binary systems Ti-Si; B-C; Cu-Cr; Si-C; Ni-Al

•Research of spark plasma sintering parameters impact (warming-up rate, temperature, applied external load) on the kinetics of consolidation of the following nano-structured compositional reaction powders Si/C; B/C; Ni/Al; Ti/Si; Cu/Cr.

•Technological basis for efficient obtaining of tightly-sintered silicon carbide/boron based nanomaterials and Ni/Al and ; Cu/Cr intermetallic compounds.

2.      Metal-based Catalysts

•Research of mechanisms of structuring metallic (Ni, Cu, Fe) nano phase in combustion of reaction solutions impregnated into nanopore (SiO2, CeO, Al2O3) medium.

•Creating technological basis for obtaining highly efficient catalysts to obtain hydrogen from various spirits and biomass.

•Study the possibility of obtaining thin coatings by solution combustion.

3.     Refractory and Dissimilar compounds

•Experimental research of crystal structure formation process and microstructure of multi-layer reaction nano foils Ti-Si, Ni-Al

•Research of reaction nano foil microstructures impact on their combustion kinetics.

•Creating technological basis for efficient methods of joining such refractory materials as carbon-carbon composite.

Project objectives

The purposes of the project are fundamental mechanisms studies of self-sustaining heterogeneous reactions in nanostructured medium to create advanced technologies of obtaining new materials in combustion mode; research of mass transfer mechanisms in heterogeneous nanostructured medium under spark plasma sintering to obtain tightly-sintered and functionally gradient nanomaterials with enhanced physical and mechanical properties. The project also aims to train specialists in advanced nanomaterials research.

Uniqueness project

Creation of a new scientific technological direction Nanomaterial: Combustion Synthesis in NUST MISiS in Scientific Research Centre Ceramic Constructional Namomaterials will provide for a unique possibility to study nanomaterials combustion synthesis. Such works are done in universities in the USA, Chaina and India. We distinguish several potential directions: (a) chemically activated synthesis in heterogeneous gas-free systems, (b) sol-gel solution combustion, (c) combustion in reacting nano-films. The latest works proved the possibility of creating unique advanced technologies of obtaining nonoxide nanomaterials including pure metals, alloys as well as ceramics and ceramic composites.

• Constructional carbide/boron based nanomaterials have unique range of properties including low density, high strength and hardness, heat resistance and oxidative stability, low thermal-expansion coefficient, special dielectric characteristics. These properties provide for wide application in space and aviation industry, defense industry, oil and gas extraction, microelectronics.

•The task of obtaining metallic nanopowders duely distributed on the supported high specific surface catalysts directly depends on developing advanced catalysts for various physical and chemical processes, for example, raw hydrocarbons deep conversion.

•Connecting refractory elements, for example, C-C composites, wolframite, molybdenum and others is a difficult and essential technical problem as standard welding methods cannot be applied here. 

Equipment

Direct Hot Pressing - DSP-515 SA, Dr. Fritsch Sondermaschinen GmbH, Germany

Spark Plasma Sintering - Labox 650, Sinter Land, Japan

Lab constant pressure self-propagating high-temperature synthesis reactor

High speed planetary mill "Activator-2S" (Novosibirsk)

High speed video camera PHANTOM Miro M310, ViSioN RESEARCH, USA

Patents

1.      Methods of obtaining silicon carbide nano powder. № 2493937 dd 20.07.2012, Russia

2.      Methods of obtaining ultra-disperse powders of different oxides with narrow  particle-size distribution № 2014131152 dd 29.07.2014 Russia

3.      Methods of obtaining nano structures reaction  foils №2536019 dd 20.12.2014 Russia

4.      Nanocompositional electrocontact material and obtaining method №2015130328 dd 23.07.2015 Russia

Partnership and cooperation

International:

University of Notre Dame, USA 

University of Burgundy France

Institute of Chemical Physics NAS RA Armenia

National Space Laboratory, Bangalore, India

Russian Federation:

Institute of Structured Macrokinetics and Material Science of Russian Academy of Sciences

MIFI National Nuclear Research University

State Science Center Keldysh Centre

Moscow M.V. Lomonosov State University

Departments at NUST MISiS

Scientific - Educational Center of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (E.Levashov)

Laboratory of Inorganic Nanomaterials (D.Goldberg, D.Shtansky)

Department of Functional Nanosystems and High temperature Materials (D.Kuznetsov)

Materials Modeling and Development Laboratory (I.Abrikosov)

Centre for Energy Efficiency (V.Khovailo)

Deformation Thermal Processes Laboratory (Travianov A.)

Our projects
Last comments



Яндекс.Метрика