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Professor, Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry Leonid M.Kustov

Project objectives

Patterned nanosized catalytic converters and adsorbents for integrated processing of natural, associated and biogas

Professor, Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry Leonid M.Kustov

The aim of the project is to develop new generation of flexible and highly efficient catalytic reactor systems based on patterned catalytic converters (absorbents) to be used in integrated processing of natural, associated and biogas for various processes:

1.      Purification  of natural gas, obtained hydrogen and gas synthesis in order to remove water, sulfur compounds, CO2;

2.      Partial oxidation of methane, ethane;

3.      Steam and carbon dioxide conversion of methane;

4.      Oxidative coupling of methane into ethane and ethylene;

5.      Oxide hydro process of ethane into ethylene;

6.      Oxidation of propane in natural gas into acroleic acid.


 (1) Fundamental study and feasibility demonstration of methods of obtaining structured carriers with pored coating, including those, modified with nanoparticles of various sizes and forms, including preparation methods of obtaining mono- and bi-metallic nanoparticles (Ni, Cu, Fe, Ag, Au), to be applied on various patterned carriers. The objectives of the research will be to achieve results in the following fields: (i) self-organizing in solution, (ii) use of SHV activation of catalytic reactions in metal reduction, (iii) use of ionic liquid as medium for stabilization of nanoparticles of specific size and form. They will be used for developing the most suitable synthesis strategy.

 (2) Specific encapsulation of nano-engineered metallic nanoparticles into specially developed patterned materials, modified with nano-layers of ionic liquid, mesoporous materials and metal-organic scaffold structures with precise control of pores size and encapsulation methods, preventing active phase loss due to agglomerating or vatting.

 (3)  Detailed definition of  obtained structures nanomaterials by methods of electronic microscopy  (HRSEM, HRTEM, EDS-SEM), spectroscopy methods   (XPS, DRIFTS,XAFS,  UV, plasma resonance spectroscopy) with molecular probes (H2, CO, NO), as well as ordinary research of absorption and methods.

 (4) Development of highly efficient, selective and regenerating patterned nano catalytic converters and structured reactors for components conversion processes of natural, associated and biogas (reforming and oxidation) to check their efficiency in processes used in modern catalysis and industry relevant processes. These nanomaterials application areas aim to improve environmental safety and technologies efficiency.

(5) Development and assessment of new reliable and economically efficient prototypes of industry relevant catalytic converters of oxidation processes with minimum content of critical or precious materials.

The project innovation lies in obtaining fundamental knowledge in the field of new classes of nano-engineered structured catalytic converters, based on non-precious metals or the cheapest precious metals, used in industry-relevant catalytic processes by combination of theoretical approaches and chemical and technological data. Long-term innovations shall lead to new stable chemical processes with high selectiveness with nano-sized applied metallic catalytic converters based on structured carriers (foil, foam, fiber, net).

The uniqueness of the project lies in combination of structured carriers with nano-engineered particles of non-precious and cheapest precious metals, in using ionic liquids, metal-organic structures, mesoporous silicate materials, micro-wave activation in development of structured nano-engineered catalytic converters for various catalytic processes. Most of them are not studied enough in terms of cheap nano-structured catalytic converters. Catalytic converters will be defined in situ during the process of obtaining and after reaction with relevant methods of surface study.

Processing of natural, associated, biogas and shale gas into valuable products is a vital task, which can be solved only using new generation catalytic converters and absorbents. Reduction of precious metals use such as gold and rare earth metals is a primary task in the whole world. Even partial solution of the problem will help to reduce dependence on external suppliers of such raw materials such as China, South Africa, and South America. Most of such metals is used in various types of catalytic converters (exhaust gasses purification, reforming, fine chemical technologies, pharmaceutical industry, fuel element, etc). Substantial reduction or even complete removal of precious metals use in catalytic converters and use of affordable and not expensive transition metals together with structured carriers and micro structured reactors, operating in non-stop mode, will make Russian economy highly competitive.

Oil and gas refinery technologies are quite stable and conservative area in terms of such replacements. But demonstration of such numerous advantages of structured nano-engineered systems, perhaps, will turn the industry to innovations. Basic and fine organic synthesis production, pharmaceutical industry are quite open to innovation, which enables to implement new catalytic systems in a short term.


In 2015 3 patent applications in the Russian Federation.

1.     Nano catalytic converters and their application in of Fisher-Tropshe reaction. A.L.Tarasov, L.M.Kustov

2.    Catalytic converters and methods of obtaining synthesis-gas from methane with it. A.L.Tarasov, L.M.Kustov, I.I.Lischener, O.V.Malova, O.S Eremeeva

3.    Method of catalytic converter preparation for gas synthesis from methane, catalytic converter obtained by this method and method of obtaining synthesis gas from methane with it. A.L.Tarasov, L.M.Kustov, I.I.Lischener, O.V.Malova, O.S Eremeeva, L.L.Kivi

Partnership and cooperation

The team of Nano Chemistry and Ecology Lab cooperates with:

1.     École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

2.     The Rome International Center for Materials Science (RICMASS), Italy

3.     National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (ISTREA), France

4.     Chemical Department, Moscow State University

5.     Zelensky Institute of Organic Chemistry, RAS


2015Vera I, Isaeva , Leonid M, KustovCatalytic hydroamination of unsaturated hydrocarbons Topics in Catalysis
2015Zhen Ma Atash V, Gurbanov Abel M, Maharramov 
Firudin I, Guseinov Maximilian N, Kopylovich Fedor I, 
Zubkov Kamran T, Mahmudov Armando J,L, Pombeiro 
Copper(II) arylhydrazone complexes as catalysts for C H activation in the Henry reaction in waterJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
2015L,M, Kustov, A,L, TarasovFischer-Tropsch synthesis in a slurry mode using ionic liquidsСatalysis Communications
2015Leonid M, Kustov, Daniil B, Furman, 
Aleksandra P, Barkova
Metathesis of С5-С8 terminal olefins on Re2O7/Al2O3 catalystsCatalysis Letters
2015L,M, Kustov, A,L, TarasovAutothermal methane oxidative coupling process over La2O3/MgO catalystsChemical Engineering & Technology
2016Andrey L, Tarasov, Olga P, Tkachenko, 
Leonid M, Kustov
Mono and bimetallic Pt-(M)/ 
Al2O3 catalysts for dehydrogenation of perhydro-N-ethylcarbazole
Topics in Catalysis
2016Atash V, Gurbanov, Kamran T, Mahmudov, Maximilian N, Kopylovich, Fátima M, Guedes da Silva, Manas Sutradhar, Firudin I, Guseinov, Fedor I, Zubkov, Abel M, Maharramov, Armando J, L, PombeiroMolecular Switching through Cooperative Ionic Interactions and Charge Assisted Hydrogen BondingDyes and Pigments
2016О,К, Лебедева, Д,Ю, Культин, Л,М, КустовЭлектрохимия и ионные жидкости: получение и применение Успехи химии
2016Leonid KustovDehydrogenation of Polycyclic Naphthenes on a Pt/C Catalyst for Hydrogen 
Storage in Liquid Organic Hydrogen 
Fuel Processing Technology
2016Leonid KustovInfluence of oleic acid on the properties of magnetite nanoparticles prepared by one step microwave Nanomaterials
2016Kustov L.MThe effect of a stabilizer of silver nanoparticles on their toxicity with respect to Danio rerio embryosEnvironmental Science: Nano
2016Vera Isaeva, Leonid KustovEffect of the support morphology on the performance of Co 
nanoparticles deposited on metal-organic framework MIL-53(Al) in Fischer- 
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
2016Abramenko N,B,, Demidova T,B,, Zherebin P,M,, Krutyakov Yu,A,, Krysanov E,Yu,, Kustov L,M,Ecotoxicity of silver nanoparticles: Effect of Stabilizing Agents in Tests with Respect to Danio RerioENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
2016E, Finashina, E, Redina, A, Startseva, O, Tkachenko, L, Kustov, D, Esquivel and P, Van Der VoortGold on mesoporous organosilicas in intramolecular hydroamination of 2-(phenylethinyl)aniline to 2-phenylindolAPPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
2016Alexander A, Greish, Alexander L, Kustov, Lev M, Glukhov, Leonid M, KustovOxidative Dehydrogenation of Dimethyl Ether to Dimethoxyethane over Oxide CatalystsOrganic Processes Research and Development
2016A,A, Greish, E,D, Finashina, O,P, Tkachenko, E,V, Shouvalova, L,M, KustovSynthesis of Dimethylcarbonate from Methanol and CO2 on a modified SnO2/Al2O3 catalystCHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE
2016O,P, Tkachenko, A,V, Kucherov, L,M, Kustov, V, Virkkunen, T, Leinonen, P, DeniflStudy of Ziegler-Natta Olefin Polymerization Catalysts by Spectroscopic MethodsMaterials
2016Leonid М, Кustov, Аlexander N, Кalenchuk, Victor I, BogdanCatalytic Dehydrogenation of Perhydroterphenyl Isomers in Hydrogen Storage SystemsFuel
2016Leonid М, Кustov, Аlexander N, Кalenchuk, Victor I, BogdanInteraction of copper with dinitrogen tetroxide in 
Dalton Transactions
2017Leonid M. Kustov, Andrei L. TarasovMicrowave-Assisted Lignin Conversion into Synthesis Gas and Aromatic Compounds JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
2017Leonid M. Kustov, Natalia B. AbramenkoSilicon Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization and Toxicity Environmental Research Letters
2017Leonid М. КustovSyntheses of novel nanoporous metal-organic gels with tunable porosity and Journal of Physical Chemistry C
2017Leonid KustovAlkaline-Modified ZSM-5 Zeolite to Control Hydrocarbon Cold-Start EmissionMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
2017Natalia B. Abramenko, Leonid M. KustovEcotoxicity of different-shaped Silver Nanoparticles: Case of Zebrafish EmbryosJournal of Hazardous Materials
2017Suresh Palanivel, Jerome G, Chandraseelan, Olli Yli-Harja, Meenakshisundaram Kandhavelu, Firudin I, GuseinovToxicity assessment of arylhydrazones 
of active methylene compounds 
J, Hazardous Materials
2017A, KustovThe partial oxidation of benzene to phenol in supercritical conditionsThe Journal of Supercritical Fluids
2017A, KustovRegeneration of zeolite catalysts of the partial oxidation in the supercritical fluidThe Journal of Supercritical Fluids
2017Zhen Ma; Atash Gurbanov; Manas Sutradhar; Maximilian 
Kopylovich; Kamran T, Mahmudov, Dr,; Abel Maharramov; Firudin Guseinov 
Effective cyanosilylation of aldehydes with copper(II)-based 
polymeric catalysts 
2017A, Kalenchuk, L, KustovMono and bimetallic Pt-(M)/Al2O3 catalysts for dehydrogenation of perhydro-N-ethylcarbazoleTopics in Catalysis
2017Kustov L.MRing opening of cyclic hydrocarbons on Pt-Ru catalystsChemCatChem
2018Кустов Л.М.Dehydrogenation of polycyclic naphthenes on a Pt/C catalyst for hydrogen 
storage in liquid organic hydrogen carriers 
Fuel Processing Technology
2018Кустов Л.М.Synthesis of Novel Nanoporous Metal-Organic Gels with Tunable Porosity and Sensing of Aromatic CompoundsMicroporous & Mesoporous Materials
2018Кустов Л.М.Effect of surface hydrophilization on Pt/Sibunit 
catalytic activity in bicyclohexyl dehydrogenation 
in hydrogen storage application 
International journal of hydrogen energy
2018Кустов Л.М.Decalin ring opening on Pt-Ru/SiO 2 catalystsFuel Processing Technology
2018Кустов Л.М., Исаева В.ИConversion of CO 2 into liquid hydrocarbons in the presence of a Co- 
containing catalyst based on the microporous metal-organic framework MIL-53(Al) 
Fuel Processing Technology
2018Кустов Л.М.Catalytic synthesis of octadiene-1,7 from ethylene and cyclohexeneJournal of Organometallic Chemistry

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